With an aim to provide the overall institutional framework to rapidly implement and scale up skill development efforts across India, the Government of India has Launched the National Skill Development Mission.
The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (earlier Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, first created in July 2014) was set up in November 2014 to drive the ‘Skill India’ agenda in a ‘Mission Mode’ in order to converge existing skill training initiatives and combine scale and quality of skilling efforts, with speed. The programme also looks to offer a passage for overseas employment through specific programmes mapped to global job requirements and benchmarked to international standards.
The programme will help maintain a national database, known as the Labour Market Information System (LMIS), which will act as a portal for matching the demand and supply of skilled workforce in the country. The LMIS, will on the one hand provide citizens with vital information on skilling initiatives across the country. On the other, it will also serve as a platform for monitoring the performance of existing skill development programmes, running in every Indian state.
There will be a National Skill Development Mission at the Centre to steer, drive and execute the Mission’s objectives. Key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives of the Mission have been divided into three tiers.
With nearly 65 per cent of the country’s population under the age of 35, the key priority is to create employment opportunities for the youth as well as create avenues to skill them in a structured manner to improve their employability. In order to develop skills and opportunity to meet the challenges and assured that the government will work together with states in a structured manner to promote skill training as an alternative to higher education.
Currently just 3.5 per cent of the country’s workforce is skilled as against the global average of 45 to 50 per cent. With over 10 lakh fresh entrants to the workforce every year
the government has planned to set up a skill university in every state to enhance skilling. Besides, MoUs have been signed with a number of Central ministries such as railways and defence,
The ambitious National Skill India Mission project seeks to provide the institutional capacity to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by the year 2022. The government is keen to tap the potential to emerge as the “human resource capital” of the world like China has become a global manufacturing factory.
With the successful launches of ‘Make in India’ and ‘Digital India,’ the National Skill Development Mission initiative of the Government is likely to create a much brighter better and skilful India.
- M D Sridharan.